About Dibrugarh

About Dibrugarh Municipality Board

ORIGINE AND HISTORY

Dibrugarh Municipality was established in 1873. Before that, Dibrugarh city had been reined by numerous rulers. Beginning with the Chutias in the 12th Century, it was conquered by the Ahoms in about 1233 A.D. During the insurrection of Moamoria, Dibrugarh came under the Matak rule, before it finally came under the British in the 19th century. The city since then has become the nerve center of all political, administrative, cultural and commercial activities of the Upper Assam region.
Dibrugarh is located along 27' 28' N latitude and 94' 35' E longitude. The British established Dibrugarh town with the construction of a large fort in the banks of the Dibru River, which was later, eroded away in a massive flood- a common phenomenon in Assam. This fort acted as a trading site for traders coming by boats, thus leading to the establishment of a market known as the Purana bazaar. After its erosion by the mighty river, the new market was established in 1907. The British established a railway line in 1882.
The population of the town has increased 11,227 in 1901 to 1, 37,879 in 2001. With further development of the trade and commerce in the city along with the transport and communication system, this town emerged as an important commercial center in the Upper Assam region. Presently, Dibrugarh is connected with other parts of country through a broad gauge railway line as well as by air links. The airport is located at Mohunbari, 12kms from the town. The present DMB spread over an area of 15.40 sq. km, is divided into 22 wards.

REGIONAL SETTING

In addition to its importance as administrative headquarter of the Dibrugarh District; Dibrugarh was originally a Tea exporting town. Dibrugarh is connected by NH-37 with Tinsukia, which is a major commercial center in Upper Assam. This highway further connects to important towns like Sivsagar, Jorhat and Guwahati, the commercial and economic hub of the North -East. In addition to that, after completion of the mega mighty Brahmaputra bridge project, more gateways will be open connecting to neighboring Arunachal Pradesh and northern bank of River Brahmputra.Discovery of Oil in Digboi-Duliajan and Coal in Ledo raised the importance of this premier and oldest town of Assam. This importance will be further strengthened on completion of Gas cracker project.

POPULATION GROWTH TRENDS

Population of Dibrugarh is around 0.12 million. An emerging city, the population distribution shows that the city core, i.e. the DMB area, is densely populated, wherein 23 percent of the geographical area supports 66 percent of the population of DMPA as shown in Table 3-1. The newly included areas present increasing growth potential as residential land use is increasing away from the city core into these peripheral areas.

Constituent Area Geographical Area (Ha) Population
Area (Sq Km) % Population %
DMB 15.5 23 122523 66
Rest of Master Plan area 50.64 77 63691 34
Total Dibrugarh Master Plan Area 50.64 100 186214 100

DIBRUGARH MUNICIPAL BOARD AREA

The DMB area has seen rapid increase in the population since its inception. During the time of the setting up of the town by the British1, Dibrugarh had a population of about 3870 persons (in1873). But since the 1950s, the population in the DMB area has increased rapidly to now stand at 1.2 lakh in 2001.

Table 1: DMPA Constituent Area, 2001

Years Population % Increase
1901 11227  
1911 14563 29.71
1921 16007 9.91
1931 18734 17.03
1941 23191 23.79
1951 37991 63.81
1961 58480 53.93
1971 80348 37.38
1981 N.A N.A
1991 120127 49.51
2001 122523 1.99
2011 154019  

Analysis of the population growth trends over the years shows that the population in the Dibrugarh Municipal Board area has grown exponentially, with 66 percent of the total DMPA population concentrated here. The growth rate in the DMB area has seen gradually rise in the post independence decades from 1961-1981. The reasons behind this increase have been attributed to the following facts: Establishment of government offices Establishment of various higher education institutions, and Growth of commercial activities. However, the decadal growth post – 1960s has been slow, especially in the last decade from 1981 to 1991. From the DMPA population Table 3, it is evident that the rural population around the DMB area is rapidly increasing and requires being included within the planning purview to bring about controlled growth and optimal urban management and service delivery.

POPULATION DENSITY

The population density within DMB area is higher compared to the periphery. With only 23 percent of the geographical area, the core area (DMB area) contains 66 percent of the population of DMPA. The net density of population in the DMPA is 2501 persons per sq.km, while within the municipal area it is 7750 persons per sq. km as per 1991 census. In 2001, for the DMPA, the population density increased to 2865 persons per sq. km and within the Municipal area increased to 7905 persons per sq.km.

Table 4: DMPA – Ward wise Population and Densities- 2001

Wards Population Area Population Density (ppha)
2001 Ha. % 2001
1 1968 123.83 1.92 15.89
2 8032 161.09 2.49 49.86
3 4146 122.02 1.89 33.98
4 7847 81.02 1.25 96.85
5 4700 140.29 2.17 33.50
6 7745 102.06 1.58 75.89
7 3962 61.50 0.95 64.42
8 7574 41.08 0.64 184.37
9 5702 34.93 0.54 163.24
10 3470 16.20 0.25 214.20
11 2131 16.52 0.26 129.00
12 3657 26.57 0.41 137.64
13 5303 22.68 0.35 233.82
14 4590 37.97 0.59 120.88
15 5387 57.15 0.88 94.26
16 4813 61.43 0.95 78.35
17 3622 29.42 0.46 123.11
18 9275 74.91 1.16 123.82
19 7737 38.23 0.59 202.38
20 4724 23.46 0.36 201.36
21 4832 34.67 0.54 139.37
22 10676 86.90 1.35 122.85
Out Side DMB 48335 5064 78.42 9.54
DMPA 186214 6457.93 100% 28.83

 

 

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Assam Medical Collage

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Dibrugarh Railway

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Dibrugarh University

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Dibrugarh Airport

Contact Information

Dibrugarh Municipal Board
Graham Bazar, Dibrugarh. Assam
Phone: 0373-322111
E-mail:
Web Site: www.dibrugarhmunicipality.org

 

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